Did you know that 3.4 billion ducks and geese are slaughtered annually in the production of down and feathers?


Down is frequently used in puffer jackets, sleeping bags, and in other clothing and bedding items that are designed to keep people warm. But did you know that down is often sourced using a practice called live plucking or from birds which have been force-fed for foie gras?

Live plucking is a widespread and barbaric practice that has no place in today’s world. Hidden from view, geese and ducks are restrained while their feathers and down are torn out1 without the use of any pain relief. Rough handling causes wing and leg fractures, and wounds caused by feathers being torn out are roughly sewn shut without anesthetic. Live plucking can be repeated every five weeks, when new down and feathers are torn out and wounds re-opened.

During force-feeding, a metal pipe is rammed into the geese or ducks’ throats and a mixture of corn and pure fat is administered through this pipe, three times a day. Their livers are unable to properly process these large amounts of fat, resulting in abnormal pathologic degeneration, to the extent that their livers can grow up to 10 times its normal size. Down from force-fed animals ends up in jackets, pillows, and comforters too.

Live plucked geese

This is no life for an animal.

What are we doing?

FOUR PAWS has been addressing the cruelty that geese and ducks face in the down industry for over a decade. And as long as geese and ducks are raised for meat and their down is used, FOUR PAWS will push to ensure that they have a life free of pain and suffering and a life where their essential needs are met. 

Through our campaigns, we have achieved amazing success in the outdoor clothing and bedding industries. Through our "40 lives" campaign and our "cruelty free down challenge" we convinced bedding retailers and outdoor brands to commit to only selling feather and down products that are free of live plucking and force feeding. FOUR PAWS has engaged major brands in the outdoor industry, such as The North Face and Patagonia, and has taken part in processes that have led to setting up industry-wide traceability and animal welfare standards: Responsible Down Standard (RDS), a Textile Exchange-owned standard, and Global Traceable Down Standard (TDS) an NSF-owned standard.

All of these changes are only possible when people stand with us, when we unite and make it known that we expect better for animals. And while these campaigns have been big successes thanks to our supporters there is still a lot to do.  

Head of Programs for FOUR PAWS Germany Denise Schmidt hands Bloody Feather award to fashion company Karstadt

Head of Programs for FOUR PAWS Germany Denise Schmidt hands Bloody Feather award to fashion company Karstadt.

Did you know?

Icon Goose

Millions of kilograms of down feathers are produced by geese and ducks annually, but most brands have minimal knowledge of their welfare, with only 4.1% of all down certified to meet an animal welfare standard.[2]

We will continue to expose the truth behind fashion and to speak out for animals. Sustainable change is only possible when we unite and make it known that we expect better for animals. Thousands of people are now joining us, taking the Wear it Kind pledge and demanding kindness, traceability, and accountability in fashion. 

We also offer our expertise to assist with the development and improvement of animal welfare certification systems including the Responsible Down Standard by taking part in its multi-stakeholder consultation processes. 

What You Can Do

  • Take the Wear it Kind pledge and show the world you want fashion free from animal suffering.
  • Use our Wear it Kind Shopping Guide to find out more about how you can show kindness in the clothes you wear and ask your retailer to stock animal-free alternatives to down.
  • If you do want to purchase down, ensure it is Responsible Down Standard (RDS) certified. While this provides some assurance, with so many animal-free alternatives available today, it’s never been easier to shop cruelty free!


1 Peak, C 2014, ‘A heavy problem for the feather industry’, Good,
2 FOUR PAWS Animals in Fashion Fact Sheet, 
3 Number of geese and ducks slaughtered annually based on average figures from UN FAO between 2016-2020. While there is no reliable data available on how much of the global feather production goes specifically to apparel versus bedding and other segments, FOUR PAWS has made a conservative assumption that at least 10% of the animals end up directly in fashion supply chains and reflective of market estimates.
4 Mordor Intelligence 2023, Down and feather market 
 growth, trends, COVID-19 impact, and forecasts (2022-2027), [accessed 17 January 2023,]

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